- •14 discordant sibling pairs from high-risk breast cancer families were identified.
- •Whole exome sequencing of germline DNA was performed.
- •Rare variants, present only in affected siblings, were identified.
- •Functional assessment of a rare PMS1 variant was performed.
- •The PMS1 p.R202K (c.605G>A) variant is likely benign.
It is likely that additional genes for hereditary breast cancer can be identified using a discordant sib pair design. Using this design we identified individuals harboring a rare PMS1 c.605G>A variant previously predicted to result in loss of function.
A family-based design and predictive algorithms were used to prioritize candidate variants possibly associated with an increased risk of hereditary breast cancer. Functional analyses were performed for one of the candidate variants, PMS1 c.605G>A.
1) 14 discordant sister-pairs from hereditary breast cancer families were identified. 2) Whole exome sequencing was performed and candidate risk variants identified. 3) A rare PMS variant was identified in 2 unrelated affected sisters but no unaffected siblings. 4) Functional analysis of this variant was carried out using targeted mRNA sequencing.
Genotype-phenotype correlation did not demonstrate tracking of the variant with cancer in the family. Functional analysis revealed no difference in exon 6 incorporation, which was validated by analyzing PMS1 allele specific expression.
The PMS1 c.605G>A variant did not segregate with disease, and there was no variant-dependent impact on PMS1 exon 6 splicing, supporting this variant is likely benign. Functional analyses are imperative to understanding the clinical significance of predictive algorithms.
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Published online: November 15, 2021
Accepted: November 11, 2021
Received in revised form: October 12, 2021
Received: August 10, 2021
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